6G is already the sixth generation of mobile communications. The Barkhausen Institut participates in the research and development of 6G by being part of the 6G Platform project. Within the project, the BI conducts research on trustworthiness issues and designs new formats of science communication.
The new 6G mobile communications standard uses higher frequencies, enabling higher data rates. Delays in data transmission (latencies) will be further reduced, for example, through the standardized introduction of multi-access edge computing. In other words, data that were previously sent to distant servers for processing are now instead distributed to many small and distributed processing units (edge devices) in the immediate vicinity of their collection. This ensures that less data need to be transmitted to a central data center while averting data congestion.
Artificial intelligence will contribute to network optimization, for example, by recognizing where there is high demand for data transmission and by providing additional bandwidth accordingly.
These and many other innovations will shape the 6G mobile communications standard.
As physical objects in the real world become increasingly connected over the Internet, the trustworthiness of the "Internet of Things" is becoming much more important. For example, an autonomously driving car can cause serious accidents if the system is tampered with, fails or malfunctions. To enhance the security of 6G, Barkhausen Institut is researching, among other things, how messages can be securely encrypted by drawing on the unique properties of the radio channel between the sender and receiver. It is also investigating how the radio waves used to transmit data can on top of that accurately determine location and sense the environment.
Science communication on the 6G Platform project will provide insights into the current research and convey basic knowledge. Taking citizens’ needs, questions and concerns into consideration is particularly important in this regard. For this purpose, Barkhausen Institut organizes various events formats to inform the public and engage in a dialog.
In addition to the Barkhausen Institut, partners in the 6G Platform project include eight other German universities and research institutions. Since October 2021, the 6G Platform has been creating a structured space for networking between four 6G research alliances to drive the development of new next-generation mobile technologies in Germany. It accompanies the scientific-organizational processes and makes scientific contributions to the content of 6G. The focus here is on issues with high social relevance, such as sustainability, privacy and security.
The Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) is funding the 6G Platform as part of the funding measure "6G Research Hubs; Platform for Future Communication Technologies and 6G.” The funding measure is part of the BMBF's 6G Initiative as part of the implementation of the German government's Future and Economic Stimulus Package.
Project duration: 2021-2025
Cooperation partners: German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI) GmbH, Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits (IIS), Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), Institute for Automation and Communication e.V. (ifak), Technische Universität Berlin (TUB), Technische Universität Dresden (TUD), Technische Universität Kaiserslautern (TUK), Universität Bremen (UB)
The impacts of climate change can already be observed today and require proactive and determined action on the part of our society. In Saxony's gardens and parks, too, record summer temperatures and decreasing groundwater levels are causing major problems. The gardeners are faced with great challenges in tending and preserving the valuable tree species and shrubs, on top of their already high workload. Activities such as hedge trimming, path maintenance or daily watering partly consist of repetitive and physically demanding work that takes up a lot of time. Time that is needed to utilize the horticultural expertise more effectively, for example, to adapt shrubs to changing climate conditions.
Under the direction of the Staatliche Schlösser, Burgen und Gärten gGmbH, the Barkhausen Institut is working to support and relieve the gardeners in their everyday work through automated processes so that they will gain valuable time and manpower for the challenges ahead.
For this purpose, the BI is developing a semi-autonomous robot to facilitate the watering of the more than 250 plant tubs in the Pillnitz Palace Garden. In close cooperation with the gardeners, we want to find a solution that fits reasonably into the daily work routine and is socially and ecologically sustainable. Because we deeply care about the existing biodiversity in the gardens and parks, this will also be given particular attention in the development process.
The acceptance of the population is equally important to us. Therefore, a large part of the project is dedicated to the discourse between the researchers and citizens, visitors and residents. We have already been able to discuss the role and impact of this new type of garden robot in a public citizen discussion. The results will be considered in our research plan.
The project is financially supported by the Federal Ministry for Housing, Urban Development and Building.
project duration: 2022 - 2024
contact: Dipl.-Ing. Markus Böhme, firstname.lastname@example.org
The goal of 5G LAB GERMANY FORSCHUNGSFELD LAUSITZ project is to demonstrate connected driving using 5G communication technologies. Stationary sensors (cameras) are used to analyze the current traffic situation and, based on this, transmit information and commands to the vehicles to control their driving behavior. For safe connected driving, it is imperative that IT security is guaranteed at all times during the collection, transmission and processing of sensor data and control commands. The Barkhausen Institute is conducting the corresponding research within the project. Encryption and integrity protection during data transmission and trustworthy execution environments are applied. The latter enable trustworthy data processing even in non-trusted cloud environments.
In addition, privacy-friendly technologies for processing camera images are being developed. This is to exclude any violation of the privacy of (uninvolved) third parties such as pedestrians, cyclists and others. The plan is to process the images during capture so that only relevant information, such as the location of people or objects, is transmitted. Identifying data such as faces or gait will not be transmitted and will remain secret.
The 5G LAB GERMANY FORSCHUNGSFELD LAUSITZ project is part of the 5G innovation program and is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Digital and Transport.
project duration: 2021 - 2022
contact: Dr.-Ing.Stefan Köpsell email@example.com
project partners: TU Dresden Vodafone Chair Mobile Communications Systems, Fraunhofer IVI, Meshmerize Gmb, Versorgungsbetriebe Hoyerswerda GmbH - VBH Energiewelt, Vodafone GmbH, Nokia Corporation, Smart Mobile Labs AG and in association with Stadt Hoyerswerda
Errors in hardware and software can result in serious security vulnerabilities in infrastructure-critical devices. Through such gaps, attackers can gain unauthorized access to sensitive data and even modify it or alter or destroy the function of the devices. Unfortunately, bugs in hardware and software cannot be eliminated, and the number of bugs increases with system complexity. By using a modular operating system with appropriate isolation between components, the attack surface can be significantly reduced. For this purpose the Barkhausen Institut researches together with our partner Genode Labs GmbH on the integration of a modular operating system (Genode OS Framework) and a software-defined radio (SDR) on embedded hardware.
The project is financed by the „Zentrales Innovationsprogramm Mittelstand“ of the BMWi.
Project duration: 2021 - 2022
Project partner: Genode Labs GmbH
The BI has participates in the Saxon project "Corona-Warn-Buzzer". Like the "Corona Warning App" (CWA), the project aims to create a tool to trace and break corona virus infection chains. Since not everyone has a smart phone, the project will develop a "Corona-Warn-Buzzer" with the involvement of the Saxon data protection officer. The device works in principle like the official corona warning app and is compatible with it. The idea is that the device records its contacts in buildings or outdoors without determining the location of the contacts or even storing personal/personally identifiable data of the contacts. The system only stores which mobile phones or other warning buzzers have been in the vicinity for a certain time. Smartphones or other buzzers are detected via Bluetooth. The communication with the servers of the Corona Warning App, which is necessary for the system to function, is carried out via mobile communication (NB-IoT). In the event of contact with a Covid-19 patient, the user is alerted via LED, sound and vibration. The stored contacts are automatically deleted after 14 days. The aim is to push the to get the buzzer ready to go into series production and possibly to carry out a field trial in Augustusburg.
In the project, the Barkhausen Institute is working on the topics of security, optimisation, CWA-compliant implementation of contact tracking, as well as compatibility with the Corona Warn App and the plausibility of distance measurements.
This measure is co-financed with tax funds based on the budget approved by the Saxon state parliament.
Project duration: 2020-2021
Project Partners: Digades GmbH (Zittau), FEP Fahrzeugelektrik Pirna GmbH & Co. KG, Exelonix GmbH (Dresden)
Starting in October 2020, an international group of researchers will investigate how the Internet of Things can make supply chains more efficient and secure. The Barkhausen Institute is playing a key role in the iNGENIOUS project.
Today, the manufacturing and delivery of all kinds of products often requires huge, highly interconnected supply chains. The more complex a product is, the larger is the supply chain behind it. The Corona crisis has shown how vulnerable these supply chains can be.
The next generation of the Internet of Things can make the management of complex supply processes more predictable and less prone to error in the future. The EU-funded project iNGENIOUS (Next-GENERATION IoT sOlutions for the Universal Supply Chain) was set up to drive this development forward. In this multinational project with 21 partners from industry and research, the Barkhausen Institute will take over the technical coordination from October 2020.
The aim of the project is to use innovative technologies to propose both technical and business solutions in order to ultimately build a complete platform for supply chain management. Many companies have already recognized in recent years the opportunities offered by the Internet of Things. They are now moving towards the complete digitalization of their supply chains. To enable these companies to make their production and transport routes more efficient and secure in the future, they will use highly developed technologies. The technology research of the individual partners is focused on 6 application cases. For example, satellite connections and the modern, high-performance 5G communications standard make global supply chains verifiable. New mechanisms of artificial intelligence also enable more precise predictions for process automation and plant management than conventional systems.
The iNGENIOUS project consists of 21 partners spread over 8 countries, including three telecommunications operators and manufacturers, two network operators, four logistics partners, two universities, three research institutes and seven high-tech SMEs. In iNGENIOUS, the Barkhausen Institute takes on the role of technical manager, responsible for the technical coordination of the work packages during the implementation of the project. In addition, the Barkhausen Institute brings its M3 operating system platform, based on a tile-based hardware architecture, to the project, which focuses from the beginning on security by design and isolation. Via the M3 platform and together with 5G networks, neuromorphic sensors in logistics vehicles are to be connected safely and energy-efficiently to a central early warning system, so that defects in vehicles can be detected and eliminated at an early stage.
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement N° 957216.
Project duration: 2020-2023
Cooperation partners: Universitat Politècnica de València (UPV), Ericsson Telecomunicazioni S.p.A. (TEI), Nokia Spain S.A. (NOK), SES Techcom S.A. (SES), Telefónica Investigación y Desarrollo S.A. (TID), Technische Universität Dresden (TUD), Sequans Communications S.A. (SEQ), Nextworks (NXW), Cumucore OY (CMC), AWAKE.AI Oy (AWA), NeuroDigital Technologies (NED), NeuroControls GmbH (NCG), ASTI Mobile Robotics S.A.U. (ASTI), Polsko-Japońska Akademia Technik Komputerowych (PJATK), Consorzio Nazionale Interuniversitario per le Telecomunicazioni (CNIT), ValenciaPort Foundation (FV), 5G Communications for Future Industry Verticals, S.L. (5CMM), Autorità di Sistema Portuale del Mar Tirreno Settentrionale (AdSPMTS), ST Engineering iDirect (Ireland) Limited (iDR), COSCO SHIPPING Lines (Spain) S.A. (COSSP)
The aim of the "COREnect" (European Core Technologies for future connectivity systems and components) project is to provide the foundations for a sustainable European technology sovereignty in 5G and beyond. European industry and R&D leaders from both the microelectronics and telecommunications sectors will jointly develop a high-level strategic roadmap of core technologies for future connectivity systems and components, targeting the next generation telecommunications networks and services.
The strategic roadmap will cover the full 5G value chain including materials, components, subsystem integration, connectivity platforms and will address vertical industry sectors in areas such as health, energy, manufacturing, automotive and smart cities, among others.
Over the next ten years, 5G and then 6G are expected to connect billions of devices, digitise industries, and bring social and economic advances in many vertical sectors. Developing the necessary core technologies is crucial for Europe to decrease its dependence on non-European technologies.
By bringing together the microelectronics industry (electronic chip makers) and the telecommunications industry, COREnect will support the necessary coordinated and concrete actions to be taken in Europe.
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N° 956830
Project duration: 2020-2022
Contact: Dr. Tim Hentschel, firstname.lastname@example.org
Cooperation partners: Technische Universität Dresden, The 5G Infrastructure Association, AENEAS Robert Bosch GmbH, Commissariat à l'énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives (CEA), Ericsson AB, Infineon Technologies AG, III-V lab, Australo Interinnov Marketing Lab SL, Interuniversitair Micro-Electronica Centrum (IMEC), NXP Semiconductors Netherlands B.V., STmicroelectronics SA
Intensive care patients with acute respiratory failure usually need support of lung function, which is accomplished with mechanical ventilation and, in most severe cases, extracorporeal gas-exchange. Although mechanical ventilation is a life-saving therapy, it has the potential to worsen lung injury and impair the haemodynamics. Currently, there are different strategies to protect the lungs from injury by the ventilator. Yet, settings may differ substantially regarding to the mechanical energy transferred to lungs, and its distribution across the parenchyma. Variables at the ventilator and extracorporeal lung support device can be set automatically using optimization functions and clinical recommendations, but the handling of experts may still deviate from those settings depending upon clinical characteristics of individual patients. Artificial intelligence can be used to learn from those deviations as well as the patient’s condition in an attempt to improve the combination of settings and accomplish lung support with reduced risk of damage. The project IntelliLung aims at developing a hybrid mechanical ventilator/extracorporeal lung support device, where elements communicate wireless, using artificial intelligence-based algorithms to improve the care of invasively mechanically ventilated patients with acute respiratory failure.
The Barkhausen Institut works on the subproject to wirelessly connect involved devices in a simple, secure and reliable manner.
This measure is co-financed with funds from Else Kröner-Fresenius Center for Digital Health (EKFZ).
Project duration: 2020-2022
Contact: Dr. Maximilian Matthé, email@example.com
Project Partners: University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus in Dresden, Technische Universität Dresden
The new project Metamaterial-Boosted Antenna Systems for Beam Steering in IoT-Applications (MetaBoost) was started in the BI research group RF Design Enablement.
The antenna is a key element in any radio communication system, both in the receiver and the transmitter. To realize future applications in the Internet of Things with high data rates, significantly higher operating frequencies are required. These higher frequencies not only allow higher data rates, they also reduce the size of the antenna. However, the propagation losses of such antennas are a disadvantage. They can be eliminated by various techniques such as the combination of beam forming and beam steering. Therefore, the goal of the MetaBoost project is to develop a beam steering antenna system which is characterized by a reduced antenna size. Furthermore, it will significantly reduce the energy consumption of applications in the field of the Internet of Things. For the realization the combination of different lens concepts and artificially produced materials - so called metamaterials - will be analyzed and applied. High-resolution 3D printing processes are also used to create the system. The results of MetaBoost contribute to the development of new wireless connectivity solutions that will significantly advance the development of the Internet of Things.
This measure is co-financed with tax funds based on the budget approved by the Saxon state parliament.
Project duration: 2020-2022