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Barkhausen Institut

Joint Communication and Sensing

How can we use a single system to simultaneously sense the environment and communicate?

Radio waves are a type of electromagnetic radiation that have been used for a long time for different purposes: mainly for communications, but also for sensing the environment, such as in object detection using radar systems. Until now, these two applications have been developed and studied mostly separately. However, both rely on the same physical phenomena, and so, consequently the same equipment, spectrum and signals can be used for both purposes, i.e., the same signal that is transmitted to convey information from A to B will be also reflected by objects in the vicinity, and these reflections can be observed and processed in A to estimate the position and velocity of  these objects.

The combination of communications and sensing is likely to be one of the main features of future communications systems beyond 5G, and at the BI we investigate new waveforms and the appropriate signal-processing techniques that can be efficiently applied to both purposes at low cost. At the same time, we consider hardware implementation scenarios for the designed systems and consider hardware imperfections during algorithm development.

Our researchers contributed to the new VDE White Paper "Joint Communications &
Sensing. Common Radio-Communications and sensor technology".
The paper clarifies in detail the challenges that JC & S poses to science, business and also society. At the same time, it provides concrete recommendations for action on how Germany can take the step toward a leading position in 6G with the help of Joint Communication & Sensing.

You can download the complete position paper here  on the VDE website.

Publications

Sayed Hossein Dokhanchi, André Barreto, Gerhard Fettweis, A Half-Duplex Joint Communications and Sensing System Using ZP-OFDM, IEEE International Hybrid Symposium on Joint Communications & Sensing (JC&S), 2022

@inproceedings{
Dokhanchi_2022_JCnS0,
title = "A Half-Duplex Joint Communications and Sensing System Using ZP-OFDM",
author = "Sayed Hossein Dokhanchi, André Barreto",
year = "2022",
booktitle = "IEEE International Hybrid Symposium on Joint Communications & Sensing (JC&S)",
address = "Seefeld, Austria",
month = "March"
}
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Holger Boche, Rafael Schaefer, Vincent Poor, Gerhard Fettweis, Trustworthiness Verification and Integrity Testing for Wireless Communication Systems, Proceedings of 2022 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC 2022), 2022

@conference{
Fettweis_ICC_2022,
title = "Trustworthiness Verification and Integrity Testing for Wireless Communication Systems",
author = "Holger Boche, Rafael Schaefer, Vincent Poor, Gerhard Fettweis",
year = "2022",
booktitle = "Proceedings of 2022 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC 2022)"
}
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Mehrab Ramzan, André Barreto, Padmanava Sen, Meta-Surface Boosted Antenna to Achieve Higher than 50 dB TRX Isolation at 26 GHz for Joint Communication and Radar Sensing (JC&S), European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EUCAP), 2022, Download PDF

@conference{
metaantenna,
title = "Meta-Surface Boosted Antenna to Achieve Higher than 50 dB TRX Isolation at 26 GHz for Joint Communication and Radar Sensing (JC&S)",
author = "Mehrab Ramzan, André Barreto, Padmanava Sen",
year = "2022",
booktitle = "European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EUCAP)"
}
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André Barreto, Minh Thuy Pham, Sandra George, Padmanava Sen, Gerhard Fettweis, Analysis of a Chirp-Based Waveform for Joint Communications and Radar Sensing (JC&S) Using Non-Linear Components, European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EUCAP), 2021, Download PDF

@conference{
Barreto_2021_eucap,
title = "Analysis of a Chirp-Based Waveform for Joint Communications and Radar Sensing (JC&S) Using Non-Linear Components",
author = "André Barreto, Minh Thuy Pham, Sandra George, Padmanava Sen, Gerhard Fettweis",
year = "2021",
booktitle = "European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EUCAP)",
address = "Düsseldorf, Germany",
month = "March"
}
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Sandra George, André Barreto, Padmanava Sen, Gerhard Fettweis, Reconfigurable E-band Receiver Development for Joint Communication and Sensing, IEEE Latin America Symposium on Circuits and System (LASCAS), 2021

@conference{
George_2021_lascas,
title = "Reconfigurable E-band Receiver Development for Joint Communication and Sensing",
author = "Sandra George, André Barreto, Padmanava Sen, Gerhard Fettweis",
year = "2021",
booktitle = "IEEE Latin America Symposium on Circuits and System (LASCAS)",
address = "Arequipa, Peru",
month = "February"
}
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Carlos de Lima, Didier Belot, Rafael Berkvens, Andre Bourdoux, Davide Dardari, Maxime Guillaud, Minna Isomursu, Elena-Simona Lohan, Yang Miao, André Barreto, Muhammad Aziz, Jani Saloranta, Tachporn Sanguanpuak, Hadi Sarieddeen, Gonzalo Seco-Granados, Jaakko Suutala, Tommy Svensson, Mikko Valkama, Barend van Liempd, Henk Wymeersch, Convergent Communication, Sensing and Localization in 6G Systems: An Overview of Technologies, Opportunities and Challenges, IEEE Access, 2021, Download PDF

@article{
deLima_2021_access,
title = "Convergent Communication, Sensing and Localization in 6G Systems: An Overview of Technologies, Opportunities and Challenges",
author = "Carlos de Lima, Didier Belot, Rafael Berkvens, Andre Bourdoux, Davide Dardari, Maxime Guillaud, Minna Isomursu, Elena-Simona Lohan, Yang Miao, André Barreto, Muhammad Aziz, Jani Saloranta, Tachporn Sanguanpuak, Hadi Sarieddeen, Gonzalo Seco-Granados, Jaakko Suutala, Tommy Svensson, Mikko Valkama, Barend van Liempd, Henk Wymeersch",
year = "2021",
journal = "IEEE Access",
note = "accepted for publication",
url = "https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3053486",
doi = "10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3053486"
}
Download BibTex

Farhad Bozorgi, Padmanava Sen, André Barreto, Gerhard Fettweis, RF Front-End Challenges for Joint Communication and Radar Sensing, 1st IEEE International Symposium on Joint Communications & Sensing, 2021, Download PDF

@conference{
Farhad_jcns_2021,
title = "RF Front-End Challenges for Joint Communication and Radar Sensing",
author = "Farhad Bozorgi, Padmanava Sen, André Barreto, Gerhard Fettweis",
year = "2021",
booktitle = "1st IEEE International Symposium on Joint Communications & Sensing",
url = "https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9376387",
doi = "10.1109/JCS52304.2021.9376387"
}
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Minh Thuy Pham, Roberto Bomfin, Ahmad Nimr, André Barreto, Padmanava Sen, Gerhard Fettweis, Joint Communications and Sensing Experiments Using mmWave Platforms, International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC), 2021

@inproceedings{
Pham_2021_SPAWC,
title = "Joint Communications and Sensing Experiments Using mmWave Platforms",
author = "Minh Thuy Pham, Roberto Bomfin, Ahmad Nimr, André Barreto, Padmanava Sen, Gerhard Fettweis",
year = "2021",
booktitle = "International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC)"
}
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Gerhard Fettweis, André Barreto, Padmanava Sen, Gerhard Fettweis et.al., Joint Communications & Sensing, Common Radio-Communications and sensor technology VDE ITG (PositionPapier), 2021, Download PDF

@article{
Fettweis_2022_VDE,
title = "Joint Communications & Sensing",
author = "Gerhard Fettweis, André Barreto, Padmanava Sen, Gerhard Fettweis et.al.",
year = "2021",
journal = "Common Radio-Communications and sensor technology VDE ITG (PositionPapier)",
author_text = "Gerhard Fettweis et.al.",
url = "https://www.vde.com/resource/blob/2103246/e9ead7b7c95eacb5cb7f2eb88103eaa9/position-paper-jc-s--engl---data.pdf"
}
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Saumya Dwivedi, Marco Zoli, André Barreto, Padmanava Sen, Gerhard Fettweis, Secure Joint Communications and Sensing using Chirp Modulation, 6G Wireless Summit (6G SUMMIT), 2020, Download PDF

@conference{
Dwivedi_2020_6gsummit,
title = "Secure Joint Communications and Sensing using Chirp Modulation",
author = "Saumya Dwivedi, Marco Zoli, André Barreto, Padmanava Sen, Gerhard Fettweis",
year = "2020",
booktitle = "6G Wireless Summit (6G SUMMIT)",
address = "Levi, Finland",
month = "March",
url = "https://doi.org/10.1109/6GSUMMIT49458.2020.9083884",
doi = "10.1109/6GSUMMIT49458.2020.9083884"
}
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Carlos de Lima, Didier Belot, Rafael Berkvens, Andre Bourdoux, Davide Dardari, Maxime Guillaud, Minna Isomursu, Elena-Simona Lohan, Yang Miao, André Barreto, Muhammad Aziz, Jani Saloranta, Tachporn Sanguanpuak, Hadi Sarieddeen, Gonzalo Seco-Granados, Jaakko Suutala, Tommy Svensson, Mikko Valkama, Henk Wymeersch, Barend van Liempd, 6G White Paper on Localization and Sensing, 2020, Download PDF

@misc{
delima_2020_6gwhitepaper,
title = "6G White Paper on Localization and Sensing",
author = "Carlos de Lima, Didier Belot, Rafael Berkvens, Andre Bourdoux, Davide Dardari, Maxime Guillaud, Minna Isomursu, Elena-Simona Lohan, Yang Miao, André Barreto, Muhammad Aziz, Jani Saloranta, Tachporn Sanguanpuak, Hadi Sarieddeen, Gonzalo Seco-Granados, Jaakko Suutala, Tommy Svensson, Mikko Valkama, Henk Wymeersch, Barend van Liempd",
year = "2020",
institution = "University of Oulu, Finland",
howpublished = "6G Research Visions Series - University of Oulu",
month = "June",
number = "12",
year = "2020",
note = "[White paper]",
type = "White Paper",
url = "http://urn.fi/urn:isbn:9789526226743"
}
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Minh Thuy Pham, André Barreto, Gerhard Fettweis, Efficient Communications for Overlapped Chirp-based Systems, IEEE Wireless Communications Letters, 2020, Download PDF

@article{
Pham_2020_lwc,
title = "Efficient Communications for Overlapped Chirp-based Systems",
author = "Minh Thuy Pham, André Barreto, Gerhard Fettweis",
year = "2020",
journal = "IEEE Wireless Communications Letters",
month = "December",
number = "12",
volume = "9",
pages = "2202--2206",
url = "https://doi.org/10.1109/LWC.2020.3018174",
doi = "10.1109/LWC.2020.3018174"
}
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Saumya Dwivedi, André Barreto, Padmanava Sen, Gerhard Fettweis, Target Detection in Joint Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW) Radar-Communication System, International Symposium on Wireless Communication Systems (ISWCS), 2019, Download PDF

@conference{
Dwivedi_2019_iswcs,
title = "Target Detection in Joint Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW) Radar-Communication System",
author = "Saumya Dwivedi, André Barreto, Padmanava Sen, Gerhard Fettweis",
year = "2019",
booktitle = "International Symposium on Wireless Communication Systems (ISWCS)",
address = "Oulu, Finland",
month = "October",
publisher = "IEEE",
url = "https://doi.org/10.1109/ISWCS.2019.8877258",
doi = "10.1109/ISWCS.2019.8877258"
}
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